Television in Australia - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Television in Australia began experimentally as early as 1. Melbourne with radio stations 3. DB and 3. UZ using the Radiovision system by Gilbert Miles and Donald Mc. Donald. The new medium was introduced by Bruce Gyngell with the words 'Good evening, and welcome to television'.
The industry is censored and regulated by the Australian Communications and Media Authority, which also regulates radio and in recent years has attempted to regulate the Internet. History. Reports differ on whether the Telephane was successfully implemented.
Also in 1. 92. 9, the Baird system was used on 3. DB. The test transmissions, which were of 1 hour duration each day, were made by Thomas M. Elliott and Dr Val Mc. Dowall from the Wickham Terrace Observatory Tower. The Commonwealth Government granted a special licence and permission to conduct experimental television by VK4.
CM, in July 1. 93. By 1. 93. 5, it expanded to 1. The two countries developed radically different industry models, which were based on the models each used for radio broadcasting. British TV was dominated by the government- created broadcasting corporation, the BBC, which derived most of its revenue from compulsory viewer licence fees, with some government allocation.
The United States adopted a commercial model, based on privately owned stations and networks that earned revenue by charging for advertising time, with public broadcasting forming only a minor component of the larger system. In June 1. 94. 8, the Chifley Labor government opted to follow the British model, on the advice from the Postmaster General's department. It decided to establish a government- controlled TV station in each capital city and called for tenders for the building of the six TV transmitters.
The Broadcasting Act 1. TV licences, a decision that the Liberal- Country Party opposition criticised as . This policy was never put into practice, however, because the Labor government did not have the opportunity to establish the TV network before it was defeated in December 1. The incoming Menzies- led Liberal- Country Party coalition, which was to hold power for the next 2. American- style commercial stations. When the decision was made to go ahead with granting the first licences for broadcast TV in the early 1. Australia was in a recession.
Consequently, it decided to grant the initial commercial TV licences to established print media proprietors, with the expectation that these companies would, if necessary, be able to subsidize the new TV stations from their existing (and highly profitable) press operations. The ABC, as an independent government authority, was not subject to the regulation of the ABCB and instead answered directly to the Postmaster- General and ultimately to the Minister for Posts and Telegraphs (a situation that provoked bitter complaints from commercial radio in the mid- 1. ABC established its controversial youth station Double Jay). In 1. 95. 4, the Menzies Government formally announced the introduction of the new two- tiered TV system. Sydney station ABN- 2 also started broadcasting in November. All of these stations were operational in time for the 1. Melbourne Summer Olympics opening ceremony, on 2.
November 1. 95. 6. The character went on to great success in the United Kingdom and later, the United States. Videotape technology was still in its infancy when Australian television was launched in 1. Australian TV stations until the 1. For the first few years, the only available method for capturing TV programs was the kinescope process, in which a fixed movie camera filmed broadcasts screened on a specially adjusted TV monitor. Similarly, the playback of pre- recorded programs to air was only possible at this stage through the telecine process, in which films or kinescoped TV recordings were played back on a movie screen which was monitored by a TV camera. Because of these limitations, it was relatively difficult and expensive to record and distribute local programming, so the majority of locally produced content was broadcast live- to- air.
Our list of TV shows on Netflix Australia is updated daily and can be easily sorted by release date, genre and rating. Peter Griffen works and lives in his studio and also enjoys working en plein air in various parts of the world, especially in the outback of Australia. Check out Australian TV for all major cities and regions, including Foxtel, Optus Television and Free to Air TV. You can browse through the Australian TV Guide by time or by channel and search for your favourite program or. Academy of Interactive Entertainment is the most awarded educator for the game development, 3D animation and visual effects industries. Bureau of Meteorology web homepage provides the Australian community with access to weather forecasts, severe weather warnings, observations, flood information, marine and high seas forecasts and climate information. Australia's national broadcaster. Complete ABC TV guide, Catch-up TV, download or subscribe. Connect and join the ABC TV online community.
Very little local programming from these first few years of Australian TV broadcasting was recorded and in the intervening years the majority of that material has since been lost or destroyed. Even the footage of the 'first' Australian TV broadcast with Bruce Gyngell on Channel 9, Sydney (see image above) is a fabrication.
As a result, Australian TV was soon dominated by material imported from the United States and (to a far smaller extent) Great Britain. In this period nearly every TV drama screened in Australia came from the USA and the few programs that were made locally were almost all produced by the ABC.
TV Guide from Ourguide - Australia's so easy to use TV Guide for Melbourne, Sydney, Canberra, Hobart, Darwin, Brisbane, Perth, Adelaide and all regions in australia. Insight is Australia's leading forum for debate and powerful first person stories. Watch previews and episodes, read featured stories and join the discussion. We have offices all over Australia. Find your nearest Southern Cross Ten office.
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In other formats, the few locally produced programs made by or for commercial stations were typically low- cost copies of proven American talk/variety or quiz show formats. By the early 1. 96. Australian TV content was sourced from the USA and not surprisingly American programs consistently topped the ratings. By 1. 96. 0, the Packer family's Consolidated Press group controlled Channels 9 in Melbourne and Sydney (the flagship stations that formed the basis of the Nine Network), Melbourne's Herald and Weekly Times group owned HSV- 7, and the Fairfax newspaper group controlled ATN- 7 in Sydney.
In the view of some media historians, these arrangements established a pattern of . The Vincent Report recommended a sweeping program of reforms but none were implemented by the Menzies Government at that time. Faced with almost unbeatable competition from American- made programming, local technical and creative professionals in radio were unable to make the transition to the new medium, as many of their American and British counterparts had done when TV was introduced there. Those Australian producers who did try to break into TV faced almost insurmountable challenges. Imported American and British programs benefited from high budgets, an international talent pool and huge economies of scale, thanks to their very large domestic markets (relative to Australia), established worldwide distribution networks; additionally, since most American production houses and networks were based in Los Angeles, they had access to resources and expertise built up over decades by the Hollywood movie studios. These disadvantages were further exacerbated by the fact that American producers and networks offered Australian channels significant discount rates on bundled programming. Taken as a whole, these factors meant that local producers were faced with a relative production- cost ratio on the order of 1.
The pilot of the 1. Laugh- In reportedly cost about US$2. Broadcast times were gradually increased over succeeding decades, although the ABC did not commence 2. Local content was limited to talk and variety shows, and news and current affairs. The first Australian serial drama, Autumn Affair, ran for a 1. ATN- 7. Several programs in the 1. Pick a Box. The 1.
Australia, particularly into regional areas. The first regional TV services began in Victoria in 1.
Gippsland's GLV- 1. Shepparton's GMV- 6 and Bendigo's BCV- 8. NBN- 3 in Newcastle was the first regional service in New South Wales commencing broadcast in 1.
While the first television services were being established in regional areas, larger cities including Melbourne, Sydney, Brisbane, Adelaide, and Perth began to receive their second and, in the mid- 1. In order to reduce costs, networks began to merge . This led to the formation of the National Television Network (forerunner to the Nine Network) and Australian Television Network (later known as the Seven Network) in 1. Not all stations became a part of their respective networks . Throughout the decade the ABC expanded transmissions to several major centres including Adelaide, Perth, Hobart and Canberra. Beginning in 1. 96.
Channel 0 in Melbourne and Channel 1. Sydney. More third- licence stations were established in other capitals and regional cities! Show and Kommotion (1. The first live satellite transmission occurred between Australia and the United Kingdom in 1.
The first direct telecast across the Pacific from North America took place on 6 June 1. Prime Minister Harold Holt officially opened the Australian pavilion and visitors watched events including boomerang throwing, sheep- dog trials, wood chopping contests and tennis matches with members of the Australian Davis Cup team.
In the afternoon a variety concert, 'Pop goes Australia', featured musicians Normie Rowe, Bobby Limb, Rolf Harris and The Seekers. The entire 1. 0- hour program was televised live and several hundred thousand people across Australia sat up through the night to watch it. One newspaper reported that the picture was so clear that hundreds of viewers rang a Sydney television station to seek assurance that the pictures really were being broadcast live from Canada.
The event is now chiefly remembered for the participation of The Beatles, who performed their new song . Australia's contribution showed a Melbourne tram leaving the depot for its early morning run, which caused some controversy as people felt that it was not a very exciting image of Australia. Crawford Productions' Melbourne- based police drama Homicide premiered on 2. October 1. 96. 4 on HSV- 7, soon followed on 1.
November by the ATN- 7 satirical sketch comedy series The Mavis Bramston Show (which at its peak drew an unprecedented 5. Bellbird on the ABC (1. Graham Kennedy's In Melbourne Tonight or the Graham Kennedy Channel Nine Show. At a reported cost of A$6.
Australian TV series yet produced up to that time. Although Australian TV was still in black- and- white at the time, Skippy was filmed in colour with a view to overseas sales and it was the first Australian- made series to achieve significant international success, with sales to more than 8. By the turn of the decade, the takeup of television had increased dramatically . Following its introduction to regional centres and other capital cities through the late 1.
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How to Make Your Internet Go Faster: 1. Steps. Destroy adware.
Windows users generally rely on a free program called Spybot Search & Destroy; Mac users can use Mac. Scan, but will have to pay a small licensing fee of $3. Whichever you choose, download the program, install it, and run it to find, catalog, and delete the offending programs from your computer.
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Below is the standard documentation available for this report and a few details of other objects it interacts with such as tables, function modules, includes etc. If you would like to see the full code listing simply enter RFFOUS. The. user can freely define the criteria by which lots are formed (for.
The. check numbers of a lot must be consecutive. A check register list can also be created for. Errors occurring during check number and. Use the option to print the. Text Symbol: 9. 14 = & & &. Text Symbol: 9. 13 = without printing any checks.
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Consequently, the check for payment document. Text Symbol: 9. 12 = You have canceled the ?
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Install/Apply Third Party Themes In Windows 7. How To Easily Install/Apply Third Party Themes. You need to patch up. Home Information How to install third party themes in Windows 7. So in order to install third party tool we need a little patch work.
Patch Windows To Use Third Party Themes: Vista. Glazz. User Ratings. For those who don’t know, uxtheme files need to be patched in order to use third party themes on Windows machines. Vista. Glazz provides a very easy way to patch these files, and using this app, you can patch these files without editing the configuration properties of these files.
To patch your uxtheme dll files using this app, simply launch the app, and click on the computer icon, and voila! Your system will be patched and ready for using third party themes. Third party themes are a great way of customizing your Windows experience.
Just follow the tips to install third party themes in Win-7.
How To Install Third-Party Themes On Windows 10. How To Install Third Party Themes In Windows 7. Author : Nirab Sarma Posted On . In order to install those themes you will have to patch your uxtheme.dll. How to Patch and Install 3rd Party Themes on Windows 7/8 - 2014. How To install patch 3rd party themes for windows 7 Plus lightsabre theme. How to Patch uxtheme.dll in Windows 7 to Install Custom Windows 7 Themes.
Normal Windows themes can get boring and monotonous after continued use, because even though the Aero Glass effect that Windows offers in its themes is awesome, Windows themes lack variety. We have also covered another theme patching tool before which works in an absolutely similar manner. Vista. Glazz supports Windows Vista and Windows 7. It is available as a free download.
Sponsored Links. Features of Vista. Glazz. Vista. Glazz offers a neat and intuitive interface that is pretty easy and straightforward. When you download and install the app, upon running it you will be presented with a screen that looks like the following screenshot. In the above Window, there are four icons.
Clicking on the computer icon will allow you to patch your system for the application of custom themes. Once you click on the computer icon, you will be presented with options to patch your theme files.
The options window will look like the following screenshot. In the above window, clicking on the Patch files button will patch the uxtheme files on your system, and this will make your computer ready for the application of custom third party themes. Let’s click the Patch files button now.
Once you reboot your machine, the third party themes will be ready for installation on your machine. Let’s see how a third party theme would look like on a system without the patch vs a system which has the files patched. I am using the theme Event Horizon Desaturated for test purposes.
The window borders have changed to Windows Classic style, which is NOT how our theme should look like. HOW THE SYSTEM WITH THEME FILES PATCHED LOOKS LIKE ON APPLYING THE THEME: In the above screenshot, the theme files have been patched properly, and the theme is applied. The theme looks exactly how it should look like, and does not look like a Windows 9. The Verdict? Vista.
Glazz is a great app to patch your theme files for applying some mind blowing themes on your Windows Vista/Windows 7 system. The third party themes look really mind blowing to say the least, and the applet never fails to deliver! Get Vista. Glazz for Windows.
Patch (computing) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Not to be confused with Hotfix. A patch is a piece of software designed to update a computer program or its supporting data, to fix or improve it. Although meant to fix problems, poorly designed patches can sometimes introduce new problems (see software regressions).
In some special cases updates may knowingly break the functionality, for instance, by removing components for which the update provider is no longer licensed or disabling a device. Patch management is the process of using a strategy and plan of what patches should be applied to which systems at a specified time.
Patches for proprietary software are typically distributed as executable files instead of source code. This type of patch modifies the program executable. In this case, the patches usually consist of textual differences between two source code files, called . These types of patches commonly come out of open- source projects. In these cases, developers expect users to compile the new or changed files themselves. Because the word . Bulky patches or patches that significantly change a program may circulate as .
PATCH MANAGEMENT Ask many IT Managers what Patch Management is about and they’ll respond that it is mostly the deployment of Service Packs and patches required to.
Microsoft Windows NT and its successors (including Windows 2. Windows XP, Windows Vista and Windows 7) use the .
Note physical patches used to correct punched holes by covering them. Historically, software suppliers distributed patches on paper tape or on punched cards, expecting the recipient to cut out the indicated part of the original tape (or deck), and patch in (hence the name) the replacement segment.
Patch Download Process Overview. Desktop Central supports patch management of a wide range of applications that included both Microsoft and other third-party.
Later patch distributions used magnetic tape. Then, after the invention of removable disk drives, patches came from the software developer via a disk or, later, CD- ROM via mail. With the widely available Internet access, downloading patches from the developer's web site or through automated software updates became often available to the end- users. Starting with Apple's Mac OS 9 and Microsoft's Windows ME, PC operating systems gained the ability to get automatic software updates via the Internet. Computer programs can often coordinate patches to update a target program. Automation simplifies the end- user.
Service packs for Microsoft Windows NT and its successors and for many commercial software products adopt such automated strategies. Some programs can update themselves via the Internet with very little or no intervention on the part of users.
The maintenance of server software and of operating systems often takes place in this manner. In situations where system administrators control a number of computers, this sort of automation helps to maintain consistency. The application of security patches commonly occurs in this manner.
Application. In particular, patches can become quite large when the changes add or replace non- program data, such as graphics and sounds files. Such situations commonly occur in the patching of computer games. Compared with the initial installation of software, patches usually do not take long to apply. In the case of operating systems and computer server software, patches have the particularly important role of fixing security holes. Some critical patches involve issues with drivers. To facilitate updates, operating systems often provide automatic or semi- automatic updating facilities.
Completely automatic updates have not succeeded in gaining widespread popularity in corporate computing environments, partly because of the aforementioned glitches, but also because administrators fear that software companies may gain unlimited control over their computers. Cautious users, particularly system administrators, tend to put off applying patches until they can verify the stability of the fixes.
Microsoft (W)SUS support this. In the cases of large patches or of significant changes, distributors often limit availability of patches to qualified developers as a beta test. Applying patches to firmware poses special challenges, as it often involves the provisioning of totally new firmware images, rather than applying only the differences from the previous version. The patch usually consists of a firmware image in form of binary data, together with a supplier- provided special program that replaces the previous version with the new version; a motherboard.
BIOS update is an example of a common firmware patch. Any unexpected error or interruption during the update, such as a power outage, may render the motherboard unusable.
It is possible for motherboard manufacturers to put safeguards in place to prevent serious damage; for example, the upgrade procedure could make and keep a backup of the firmware to use in case it determines that the primary copy is corrupt (usually through the use of a checksum, such as a CRC). Video games. These patches may be prompted by the discovery of exploits in the multiplayer game experience that can be used to gain unfair advantages over other players. Extra features and game play tweaks can often be added.
These kinds of patches are common in first- person shooters with multiplayer capability, and in MMORPGs, which are typically very complex with large amounts of content, almost always rely heavily on patches following the initial release, where patches sometimes add new content and abilities available to players. Because the balance and fairness for all players of an MMORPG can be severely corrupted within a short amount of time by an exploit, servers of an MMORPG are sometimes taken down with short notice in order to apply a critical patch with a fix. In software development. This commonly occurs on very large- scale software projects, but rarely in small- scale development. In open- source projects, the authors commonly receive patches or many people publish patches that fix particular problems or add certain functionality, like support for local languages outside the project's locale. In an example from the early development of the Linux operating system (noted for publishing its complete source code), Linus Torvalds, the original author, received hundreds of thousands of patches from many programmers to apply against his original version.
The Apache HTTP Server originally evolved as a number of patches that Brian Behlendorf collated to improve NCSA HTTPd, hence a name that implies that it is a collection of patches (. The FAQ on the project's official site states that the name 'Apache' was chosen from respect for the Native American Indian tribe of Apache. However, the 'a patchy server' explanation was initially given on the project's website. This corrective action will prevent successful exploitation and remove or mitigate a threat. Currently Microsoft releases its security patches once a month, and other operating systems and software projects have security teams dedicated to releasing the most reliable software patches as soon after a vulnerability announcement as possible. Security patches are closely tied to responsible disclosure.
Unofficial patches. Similar to an ordinary patch, it alleviates bugs or shortcomings.
Examples are security fixes by security specialists when an official patch by the software producers itself takes too long. This addresses problems related to unavailability of service provided by the system or the program. Retrieved 1. 4 October 2. Computercare's Laptop Repair Workbook: The 3. Cases of Classic Notebook Computers Troubleshooting and Repair. Uninstall High Definition Audio driver patch KB8.
KB8. 88. 11. 1 . Another unofficial patch has been released to counter a critical flaw in Microsoft. Organized under the name Myth. Developers, this all- volunteer group of programmers, artists, and other talented people devote their time to improving and supporting further development of the Myth game series. Technology Innovation Management Review. The community was predictably upset.
Instead of giving up on the game, users decided that if Activision wasn't going to fix the bugs, they would. They wanted to save the game by getting Activision to open the source so it could be kept alive beyond the point where Activision lost interest. With some help from members of the development team that were active on fan forums, they were eventually able to convince Activision to release Call to Power II's source code in October of 2.
KUGEL HERNIA MESH PROBLEMS. The Composix Kugel Mesh Hernia Patch is a device used to repair ventrical hernias (also known as incisional. If you, a friend or family member have received a Kugel mesh hernia patch. Bard Kugel Patch is constructed of a double layer of monofilament. Bard* Composix* E/X Mesh Bard* Composix* Kugel* Hernia Patch Bard* Ventralex* Patch Bard* Dulex* Mesh Bard* Composix* L/P Mesh Bard* * Implant. If you contact our Kugel mesh patch lawyers for a free consultation, please bring the following information: prescription records.
Inguinal hernia repair with the Kugel patch. The aim of the present study is to report an initial experience of a cohort of patients with inguinal hernias undergoing repair using this technique. METHODS: A prospective series of 1.
January 2. 00. 0 and October 2. Bard Kugel hernia patch were entered into the study. Patient comfort, complications, activity levels postoperations and early recurrence were evaluated. RESULTS: The median age was 7.
There were 1. 07 inguinal hernias repaired. There were 1. 1 bilateral, 3. There were no major complications. There were no early recurrences. At 6 and 1. 2 months there were one and two hernia recurrences, respectively. A further recurrence was noted at 2 years.
There was no consistent relationship between having hernia surgery and loss of mobility. There was no difference in straight leg raising noted following surgery compared to the patients' preoperative score. Ability to shower, dress, reach the toilet or perform housework by day 7 returned to normal. Shopping activities were resumed by day 3. CONCLUSIONS: The Kugel hernia operation is associated with minimal postoperative pain and rapid return to normal activity. There is a modest hernia recurrence rate, which needs to be addressed.
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The WiX toolset can also create patch installation. Creating a patch with the Visual Studio plugin. We are using Wix projects in Visual Studio (VS2008 & wix 3) to create MSIs as. We now wish to > create a patch of.
And one day I needed to create a patch for an existing. WiX patching March 3, 2011. I still didn’t manage to create patch. I even downloaded a fresh. Visual Studio; MSDN subscriptions; SDKs; Programs. Develop apps; Blog; Architects. Automate Patch Creation in TFS. The WiX Toolset is the most powerful set of tools available to create your Windows installation experience. The WiX toolset CodePlex project stores the stable.
Wi. X in Visual Studio – when setup isn't just xcopy. In my previous blog entry, I mentioned that Visual Studio was adopting the Wi. X toolset. If they are, Visual Studio certainly haven’t told me about it. However, since a few people found the idea of replacing the .
Wi. X v. 3 so enticing, I’d like to do an informal poll.
A quick introduction: Create an MSI installer with Wi. XThis is a quick introduction for developers who want to create a simple MSI installer using the free Wi. X toolset v. 3. 0. Getting started. Here is what you need first: 1) On Windows XP you might need to download and install the Microsoft . NET Framework if you have none installed on your PC. The Wi. X toolset requires the .
NET Framework, currently this is version 3. SP1. The installation takes some time, time to get a coffee.
Download and install the following file: Wi. X Toolset v. 3. 0.
Wi. X is a collection of free tools that builds software installers from XML documents. You can build an installer from command line, but also use an IDE such as Visual Studio or Eclipse. Let's have a look at the tools and create an MSI file from command line. Create your first Wi.
X file. Create an XML file example. In case you are curious: candle is the Wi. X compiler (generates an object file), light is the Wi. X Linker (generates the final installer).
There will be an example. Double click it to install it, then go to Add/Remove Programs in the Control Panel where you can find an . Don't forget to uninstall it, so you can later build and install a new MSI file. Create a simple application installer. Copy an application into the same directory as your example. C: \WINDOWS\system.
Rename the application to example. Change the following lines in your XML file example. This time there will be a directory called Example in your Program Files folder and the example. Create a start menu entry.
This adds your example application to the start menu. Since a start menu entry is a shortcut and not a real file, a registry entry is needed. Change the following lines in your XML file example. How to do software upgrades. A little bit of configuration is needed for software upgrades, because some values are used repeatedly we define them as variables.
Change the following lines in your XML file example. The installer will check if an old version is installed and replaces it, in case a newer version is already installed it will abort with an error message. Copy an icon into the same directory as your example. Rename the file to example. Change the following lines in your XML file example. Don't forget to replace text starting with .
Also check every place with text . You now know the basics and are ready to make your own MSI installer!
Here's where to find further information. Most features can be added by adding more information to the XML file and changing the make file arguments. Trouble shooting A Wi. X command line tool crashes with the following error: The application failed to initialize properly (0xc. This is a known problem on Windows XP, you need to install the Microsoft . NET Framework, see above in the 'getting started' section.
A Wi. X command line tool gives the following error: program is not recognized as an internal or external command? You need to update the path and manually add the Wi. X binaries path, see how to set the path in Windows 2.
Windows XP. The default path for an English Windows XP is C: \Program Files\Windows Installer XML v. PC in the Windows Explorer, search for the file candle. Wi. X compiler). A Wi. X command line tool gives a CNDL0. Not a valid source file?
Make sure your XML file is valid. Use an XML editor or for a quick check open the file in Firefox, it will show XML parsing errors in red.
Installing or updating . NET Framework takes forever? Yes, better get another coffee. There will also be one or more reboots, you will have lots of waiting time. The . NET Framework installed a Firefox add- on without asking for permission, how do I get rid of it? The easiest way is to open the Firefox menu Tools - > Add- ons - > Microsoft .
NET Framework Assistant and click on 'Disable'. This won't uninstall it, for further information on how to completely remove it see KB9.
My example MSI file won't install and nothing happens, what can I do? MSI files require administrative privileges, make sure you are installing the MSI examples as administrator. Some of the Wi. X tutorial from the internet don't work, why is that?
There are different versions of Wi. X, the current version is Wi. X v. 3. 0 (at time of writing). If tutorials and blogs give contradicting information, it's because they haven't labelled which version of Wi. X they used. For example v. How do I generate GUIDs for my installer?
There are command line tools available or create GUIDs online. You will need at least one for the Upgrade.
Code and one for each component in the XML file. Conclusion. Advantages: Write a Windows installer with free tools (Wi. X is open source) Wi. X configuration can be done in any XML or text editor Easy integration into automated build scripts Multi language install packages are possible (via undocumented MSI hack) Active mailing list for support. Disadvantages: GUI customisation is difficult, the default templates are usually not sufficient Localisation is incomplete in Wi.